“Equity Theory. No theory has been more broadly influential to the empirical study of social justice than the one that arguably came first: equity theory. Aristotle (384 – 322 BCE) argued that justice requires proportionality, that is, “ equality of ratios ” (2002, p. 163; line 1131a31). This insight provides the starting point for equity theory, as developed by Homans (1961); Adams (1965); Blau (1968); Walster, Berscheid, & Walster (1973); and Walster, Walster, & Berscheid (1978). The theory holds that in rendering judgments about distributive justice, people seek to determine whether there is a proportional relationship between their inputs (e.g., degree of effort, ability, time, training, etc.) and the outcomes they receive (e.g., payments and other rewards as well as costs or punishments). To make this determination in practice, people typically draw interpersonal comparisons involving similar or relevant others (e.g., Festinger, 1954) or intrapersonal comparisons based on their own prior experiences and expectations (Adams, 1965)”. Cita extraída de Jost, J. T., & Kay, A. C. (2010). Social Justice: History, Theory, and Research. En Handbook of Social Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Recuperado a partir de http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470561119.socpsy002030/abstract
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